Persepolis, the masterpiece of Iran History is located north of Marvdasht, north of Fars province (north east of Shiraz). This unique constriction of ancient time show the civilization of Iran .It is registered in UNESCO as the best sign of Iran Civilization.
The name of Persepolis was “Parsian City” at the time of “Parseh”. The Greeks have called it Persepolis (Greek for “Parseshahr”). In Persia, this building is called Persepolis or Palace of Persia Jamshid, the mythical king of Iran. One interesting of Iran Tourism Attractions.
At the time of the Sasanian, Persepolis was called the “Column” meaning (one hundred pillars).
In Shahnameh, of Ferdowsi reads:
Jamshid was a righteous and fair king who was beautiful. Jamshid , the most famous king of ancient Iran was the king who made Nowruz ,the biggest celebration for Iranians . He reigned over Iran for seven hundred years. His throne was so great that the giants could carry it.
Persepolis was not only a political, economic and military capital, but also an Achaemenid monarchy. The original name of this collection is in the inscriptions of Persepolis, Pars.
The Greeks here refer to the ” Perse Police “, the city of Persians, that the name came from the Greeks to the west, and nowadays this name is commonplace.
But the name of the Persepolis is more famous. The word “Takht” here means the capital and the main platform of the castle in the city of Pars.
Jamshid is a king of ancient Iran. He is the founder of Nowruz and the most famous ruler of ancient Iran, which has been widely mentioned in the book “Shahnameh Ferdowsi”, a masterpiece of Iran culture.
Persepolis, one of the Iran Attractions is a flagship and a brilliant result of the arts and talents of people who gave Iranian architects with their old and diverse cultures, their cultural and artistic components, and these skilled architects created a valuable collection of cultures of various nations using these artistic elements.
All of these arts have a history of artwork and artistic details in the past, but in general it is a new creation and masterpiece, and the old art pieces are not the same.
Based on the inscription Darius on the southern wall of the Safavid Persepolis, the construction of the palaces of this area during the time of Darius the Great began on his command (about 518 BC).
Persepolis is located in the mountain range that has been known as Mount Mehr and now it is known as “Rahmat Mount” in Marvdasht.
During the Achaemenid times, this mountain was a sacred place in the heart of its great and universal government. Of course, it should be assumed that the mountain in Iran is always considered a respectable place.
The palaces of Persepolis were built by Darius the Great and his son Khashayar Shah and his grandson Ardeshir I built for the last fifty years (from 518 to 470 BC), the next Achaemenid kings also tried to add something to the artistic complex or make alterations to its buildings.
The construction period of the Persepolis was about 180 years and its palaces for 200 years, that is, until 330 BC, when Alexander the Macedonia fired, it was setteled and the residence of the Achaemenid kings.
It should not be forgotten that the carvings of some parts of the palaces until the year 330 BC were still not fully completed.
The total area of Persepolis palaces is about 125,000 square meters, the total area of which is about 8 to 18 meters high, is higher than the surface of Marvdasht plain.
This huge collection is probably the venue for the most important and largest celebration of Iranians, namely Nowruz, which coincided with the beginning of spring and March 21st.
Hundreds of years after the assassination of Alexander and the Arabs, and when the memory of the Achaemenid kings was forgotten, people who were passing near the ruins of the Pars are seeing the carved images of the royal palace that was raised on the shoulders of the people.
Since they could not read the engraved engraving sculptures on the rocks, they thought that this is the throne of Jamshid monarchy that Ferdowsi mentioned in his Shahnameh. That’s why the name of this place is “Takht-e Jamshid “.
Later, when the archeologists translated the cuneiform inscription, they realized that its original name was “Parseh”.
It is located at a distance of 6 and a half kilometers from Persepolis ” Naghsh –e Rostam”. In Naghsh-e Rustam, the shrines of the kingdoms like Darius the Great /Khashyar Shah / Ardeshir I and Darius II are located.
There is also a fifth tomb that remains half-finished and probably belongs to Darius III.
Apart from the builders of Persepolis, Darius, Khashayar Shah, and Ardeshir I, Ardeshir III also made repairs to Persepolis. The 2nd and 3rd Ardashir shrines were planted in the eastern foothills of Persepolis.
Sassanid kings also have inscriptions on Persepolis. After the entrance of Islam to Iran, they also considered the place as “thousand pillars” or “forty menar”, and related to characters such as Suleiman Nabi and Jamshid.
“Azadul Dawlah Deylami” on the Persepolis has two inscriptions on the Kofi line. There are also other inscriptions in Arabic and Persian in Persepolis, the most recent of which is from the Qajar period. There were 873 stone and wood columns in the Achaemenid period in Persepolis. The Persepolis with such a number of pillars is a forest of pillared columns.
The columns were raised in three pieces and close to 18 meters high, with an unsurpassed strength, and then raised and grounded an apron with a weight of over 15,000 kilograms above it.
This is not known today as the reason for their existence and how to raise these columns and headlines.
Today, only 18 columns of the 873 columns of “Persepolis” are based: 14 columns in the Apadana Palace, three columns at the gate of all nations and a pillar on the porch of the Palace of the Sunstone.
Most of the remaining pillars, from the time of the Achaemenids, have remained so far in spite of the earthquake, earthquakes and storms, but several of them have recently been reconstructed with their fragmented parts, the best of which is one of the pillars of the gate of all nations, which is the only pillar of the congregation.
The columns are all circular and consist of several distinct parts that are interspersed. The bodies of these pillars are all friable and stable on the walls, in some places such as the Apadana Hall, the four corners, and in other places circular and bell-shaped.
The pillars of the circle are beautifully decorated. Though more than 98% of the pillars of the pentagram have been squeezed, but many of the pillars still remain in place, which is a good guide to finding the pillars and map of the palaces.
Treasury pallets and guesthouses are small and simple, with wooden columns.
Persepolis is a unique and vast building that is located in an area of 13 hectares, and has been used in valuable materials such as gold, silver, copper, jewelry and precious stones such as agate.
Other materials used for the main structure of the structure are bricks, wood, plaster, clay, mud and iron.
This unique structure utilizes advanced systems that were unique and even surprising at the time.
Among the modern and advanced systems used in the Persepolis complex, we can mention the existence of a water and wastewater system, and air conditioning, heating and cooling systems.
The structure, with its spacious ceilings and open spaces and large windows, easily made space for air conditioning and was easily heated in the summer, cold and winter.
The huge building of Persepolis, including large palaces such as Apadana Palace, Taccher Palace, Hadish Palace, Queen’s Palace, and the Hundred Columns Palace, each of which has its own beauty.