Abyaneh village of Isfahan
Abyaneh is a village in the central part of Natanz in Isfahan province. The village is 35 km northeast of Natanz, on the slopes of Mount Karkas. This village is one of the highest residential spots in Iran. The altitude in this village is 2222 meters. The reputation of native architecture and its many historical monuments is from the renowned villages of Iran.
Abyaneh has a favorable natural location with a temperate climate. The village was registered as a national monument on August 21, 1975, with the number 1089 registered.
Abyaneh is a scenic spot with a favorable natural location and a 4,000-year-old history.
During the Safavid dynasty, when the Safavid kings went to Natanz for a summer break, many of their relatives and courtiers preferred to settle in the village.
In the local language to Abyane, is called “Viuna”. “Vi” means “Willow” and “Viyane” means the place is full of Willow trees, and therefore the name “Viyane” is chosen, which over time, “Viyane” to “Ovane” and then to Abyaneh has been changed.
The structural texture of the village houses is a scalloped shape that relates to the three dynasties of Seljuk, Safavid, and Qajar of Iran History.
Most houses are made of a cubic with wooden doors and windows that are stacked on each other.
The old buildings of the village, covered with red soil, are on a steep slope of the gray mountain range, as the fire dancer flames appear on the ash cloud. This red soil has the potential to get stronger with rain.
The language of the people of Abyaneh is Farsi with special dialect accents, which are very different in conventional dialects in other areas.
Wearing traditional clothes is still popular amongst the people of the village, and they maintain a certain emphasis on it. This makes these people different from others, In addition, it makes this place as one of Iran Attractions.
Men wearing long and baggy trousers of black cloth and women wear a large shirt of beautiful, colorful fabrics. In addition, Abyane women usually have a white long scarf.
The most important monument of this village is the “Jame mosque”, and its pulpit is the oldest wooden monument which has a beautiful carving that indicates it was built in 466 AH.
The oldest mosque of Abyaneh is the “Barzaleh mosque”, which has an open-air space, carved on the base of the eastern side of the mosque in 701 AH, indicating that the building is related to the period of the Ilkhanites one of a dynasty of Iran History.
Another mosque of Abyaneh is the “Hajatgah Mosque”, which is located along the rocks and in the mountains, which was inscribed on the entrance of the nave in the year 952 AH.
A fire temple is also called the Harpark fire temple in this village. The fire was considered as an example of Zoroastrian temples built in mountainous communities.
The village houses are entirely on a steep slope north of the Barzerood River. As the flat roofs of the downstairs houses, the courtyards of the upper houses have created, and no wall will enclose them.
As a result, Abyaneh in the first place seems to be a multi-story village, which can be seen in some cases up to four floors. From the old houses of Abyaneh, you can also refer to the house of Gholam Nader Shah and the house of Nayyoub Hossein Kashani.
In addition, the village of Abyaneh has two shrines, one of the shrines of Prince Issa and Prince Yahya in the south of the village, which, according to the inhabitants, were the sons of Imam Musa Kazem, and the other shrine of the village of Abyaneh is also called Hinza. The village also has a hotel is named Abyaneh for it.
To travel to Abyaneh, spring and summer are the best seasons. Of course, the autumn and winter also have their own beauty and audience and can be used during these days of the Abyaneh hotel’s seasonal tours.
“Nowruz”, “Tasooa and Ashura”, many visitors come to Abyaneh to see this historic village and their special ceremony.
The main occupation of people in Abyaneh is agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry, which is governed by traditional methods.
Most women work with men in economic affairs. However, in the past, Shoemaker made of high-income jobs for women, including Abyaneh was, however, little work has been done today.
This village is accessible through Kashan road – Natanz and Kashan highway – Isfahan.
The paths of Kashan to Natanz to Abyaneh are about 22 km away, which is a beautiful and green path. This route is quite mountainous and valley-like and surrounded by gardens full of trees.